Are You Ready for Tax Bracket Madness?

by Steve Georgoulakis, CFP® on Friday March 01, 2024
Posted in Category: Taxes
Tagged with :

Tax Bracket Madness logo

 

Basketball and Taxes

Here’s a random thought, unless you’re a pro basketball player, you’ll probably never think of basketball and taxes together. But in a strange way, the two worlds collide in March for hoops fans and tax filers alike.

Basketball, because of March Madness buzzer beaters and bracket busters. Taxes, because of filing deadlines and federal income tax brackets.

And whether you’re a basketball fan or not, understanding tax brackets is a game we all need to play.  To illustrate how this game works, imagine your taxable income as a team playing in the ultimate tax tournament. Let’s start with reviewing the federal income brackets for 2023 tax returns and play through two different scenarios.

Federal Income Tax Brackets for 2023 Tax Returns
Federal Income Tax Brackets for 2023 Tax Returns

 

Love and Basketball

Love and Basketball Image. Woman in wedding dress standing next to groom holding a basketball.

Suppose newlyweds Quincy and Monica have taxable income of $92,000 this year and file their taxes jointly. According to the chart shown above, it might feel like a slam dunk to assume they are taxed 22% on the full amount and will face a tax liability of $20,240. However, this game is played with a little more nuance.

Here is how the $92,000 is taxed as this couple advances through several tax brackets.

 

  • 10% Bracket: The first $22,000 they earn is taxed at 10%, and results in $2,200 of taxes due from this bracket.Chart showing taxes owed at various tax brackets.
  • 12% Bracket: The dollars earned from $22,001 to $89,450, face a 12% tax, adding up to $8,094 due from this bracket.
  • 22% Bracket: The dollars they earn over $89,451 triggers a 22% tax and results in a total liability of $561 for this bracket.

So, let’s tally the results for these newlyweds. Quincy and Monica advance through three tax brackets, spreading their dollars around the court, and incur a tax liability of $10,855 or 11.8%.

This amount is significantly less than the 22% we originally assumed.

 

Single and Ballin’ Out

Single man holding a basketball.

Suppose Duke is single and “ballin’” in more ways than basketball. His taxable income is $180,000 this year, landing him firmly in the 24% bracket. But as with the previous example, things are not as obvious as they might seem.

 

Here is how the $180,00 is taxed as Duke advances through several tax brackets.

 

  • 10% Bracket: The initial $11,000 is taxed at 10%, for a total of $1,100 in this bracket.  Chart showing how money is taxed at various tax brackets.
  • 12% Bracket: From $11,001 to $44,725 his team faces a 12% tax, adding up to $4,047 for this bracket.
  • 22% Bracket: Advancing to the next bracket, means the dollars earned from $44,726 to $95,375 will trigger a 22% tax, adding up to $11,143 for this bracket.
  • 24% Bracket: The final dollars earned above $95,376 are taxed at 24%, adding up to $20,310 owed from this bracket.

For those scoring at home, Duke advances through four tax brackets and incurs a potential tax liability of $36,600 or approximately 20.3% of taxable income.

This amount is less than the 24% we originally assumed.

 

Cut Down the Nets

While I only shared examples for single and married (filing jointly) taxpayers, the logic and approach work the same for Married Filing Separately and Head of Household. The numbers are just different.

It’s also important to understand that the information presented in this blog is not to be taken as tax advice and everyone’s situation is different. We’re just trying to help you understand how the brackets work.

If you need an assist in completing your tax return this year, MilTax offers free software and support to ensure your tax return is a winner.